Saturday, June 27, 2015

On the trail of Chemtrails


[AmericanFreePress] The Chemtrails Connection: interview with Elana Freeland
How far will the global elite go to gain total control of the planet? Judging from the way our own government eavesdrops and spies on the entire planet, the recent moves to force vaccinations on everyone, and the general development of the police state, it would be safe to say that the powers-that-be have no bounds.
According to historiographer Elana Freeland, the globalists’ ultimate prize is control of Earth’s ionosphere in order to control the weather and use it as a weapon to control the world’s population. And ominously, as she so eloquently reveals in her book Chemtrails, HAARP, and the “Full Spectrum Dominance” of Planet Earth, they are on course to do just that.
As Ms. Freeland states in her introduction, “A real conspiracy is underway, composed of Air Force personnel, weather forecasters, civil air traffic controllers, pilots, media, environmental agencies and associations, senators, representatives, physicians, and scientists in denial of service and breach of duty to inform and protect the public.”
The ionosphere, lying at an altitude from around 37 to 370 miles from the surface of the Earth, “plays an important part in atmospheric electricity” and “influences radio propagation to distant places on the Earth.” After Nicolas Tesla discovered the importance of the ionosphere in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States government proceeded to destroy him and gain control of his genius. Since then, the elite have been making steady progress to harness control of the atmosphere, going so far as launching nuclear warheads into space.
“Throughout the 1950s and 1960s,” wrote Ms. Freeland, “more than 300 megatons of nuclear bombs were exploded in the atmosphere.”
At the heart of the elite’s plan to gain control of the atmosphere is the unrestricted spraying of chemicals, or “chemtrails,” in the ionosphere across most of the globe, to work in conjunction with a research project of the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, DARPA. Read More
Click Here to Listen to the Interview
The Chemtrails Connection

North Korea says it has been hit by Worst Drought in 100 years

[WTNH] SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — North Korea says it has been hit by its worst drought in a century, resulting in extensive damage to agriculture during its main planting season.
The official Korean Central News Agency said the drought has caused about 30 percent of its rice paddies to dry up. Young rice plants normally need to be partially submerged in water during the early summer.
“Recently in our country, there has been a severe drought with sudden extremely high temperatures and nearly no rain,” Ri Yong Nam, a senior North Korean weather official, told The Associated Press on Wednesday. “Now the drought is causing a water shortage and great damage to agriculture, and we foresee this drought will continue for a while.”
He said temperatures in May were 5-7 degrees Celsius (9-12 degrees Fahrenheit) higher than normal.
Both North and South Kore have had unusually dry weather this year.
South Korea’s Unification Ministry said precipitation in North Korea was abnormally low in May, and food production could decline significantly if the shortage continues. However, a ministry official said he couldn’t confirm North Korea’s claim that it was experiencing its worst drought in a century.
Jane Howard, a spokeswoman for the World Food Program in Rome, said North Korea has been experiencing water shortages since late last year because of low rain and snowfall. “The lack of water now could seriously affect the main crop season later this year,” she said.
The main crop season is planted in June-July and normally accounts for 90 percent of total food production, she said in an email.
“We are very concerned that if there is poor crop production this year, there will be a significant increase in malnutrition especially among children,” she said. Read More

Star of Bethlehem? Jupiter and Venus converge for the first time in 2000 years

[CSMonitor] Jupiter and Venus will merge into a dazzling "super-star" in the Western horizon by the end of June, NASA says. The conjunction of the two planets has been building during the month of June and will culminate in a spectacular display on June 30. “Every night in June, the separation between Venus and Jupiter will visibly shrink,” says NASA.
A conjunction is when two or more objects appear very close together on the sky.
On the evening of June 30, Venus and Jupiter will appear in the sky just a third of a degree apart. “That's less than the diameter of a full Moon. You'll be able to hide the pair not just behind the palm of your outstretched hand, but behind your little pinky finger,” NASA enthuses.
Sky & Telescope suggests that a similar rare conjunction of Venus and Jupiter may have been what's been called the "Star of Bethlehem" in 3-2 BC. There has not been a brighter, closer planetary conjunction in the 2,000 years since.
While the conjunction is certainly visible with the naked eye, Sky and Telescope says viewing it with a telescope or binoculars will offer a different perspective: “Both planets will crowd into same telescopic field of view, Venus appearing as a fat crescent and round Jupiter accompanied by its four large moons. The two planets will appear nearly as the same size, but Jupiter, though much larger in reality, is much farther away.... Their globes will contrast dramatically in brightness, with Venus’s crescent appearing dazzling white compared to Jupiter’s duller, stripped cloud deck.” Read More

Thursday, June 25, 2015

Water Table ‘Dropping All Over The World,’ NASA Says In Shocking New Report

[Offthegridnews] Is the world about to run out of drinkable water? A new NASA report does not indicate we will all be dying of thirst in the near feature, but it does paint a grim picture of the state of the world’s largest underground aquifers.
According to the NASA report that used satellite imagery, 21 of the 37 largest aquifers in the world have passed their sustainability tipping points, and 13 are considered “significantly distressed.” The aquifers are located around the globe, from India to the United States, and more water is being drawn from the underground water reserves than is being replaced.
“Significant segments” of the world’s population “are consuming groundwater quickly without knowing when it might run out,” NASA said. The depletion escalates during droughts.
Underground aquifers can take thousands of years to fill and only “recharge” from rainfall and snow melt slowly over time.
Although unknown to many Americans, aquifers are the source for much of our drinking water as well as the watering of crops – particularly out West and in the Heartland.
It’s the first study to comprehensively examine groundwater loss using data from space.
“Available physical and chemical measurements are simply insufficient,” said principal investigator Jay Famiglietti, the senior water scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. “Given how quickly we are consuming the world’s groundwater reserves, we need a coordinated global effort to determine how much is left.”
NASA experts added in the frightening report that the underground aquifer levels are part of a “long-term problem” that is only going to get worse.
The study used data from NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites.
“The situation is quite critical,” Famiglietti told the media “The water table is dropping all over the world. There’s not an infinite supply of water.”
Drought conditions increase demand on the underground water reserves. California, which has been strapped with drought conditions for more than a year, has reportedly been tapping into the aquifer for about 60 percent of the water used in the state. Approximately 40 percent of the water used in California was typically drawn from the aquifer before the drought. Read More

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Earth is on brink of a sixth mass extinction, scientists say, and it’s humans’ fault

[Washington Post] A vast chunk of space rock crashes into the Yucatan Peninsula, darkening the sky with debris and condemning three-quarters of Earth’s species to extinction. A convergence of continents disrupts the circulation of the oceans, rendering them stagnant and toxic to everything that lives there. Vast volcanic plateaus erupt, filling the air with poisonous gas. Glaciers subsume the land and lock up the oceans in acres of ice.
Five times in the past, the Earth has been struck by these kinds of cataclysmic events, ones so severe and swift (in geological terms) they obliterated most kinds of living things before they ever had a chance to adapt.
Now, scientists say, the Earth is on the brink of a sixth such “mass extinction event.” Only this time, the culprit isn’t a massive asteroid impact or volcanic explosions or the inexorable drifting of continents. It’s us.
“We are now moving into another one of these events that could easily, easily ruin the lives of everybody on the planet,” Stanford biologist Paul Ehrlich said in a video created by the school.
In a study published Friday in the journal Science Advances, biologists found that the Earth is losing mammal species 20 to 100 times the rate of the past. Extinctions are happening so fast, they could rival the event that killed the dinosaurs in as little as 250 years. Given the timing, the unprecedented speed of the losses and decades of research on the effects of pollution, hunting and habitat loss, they assert that human activity is responsible.
“The smoking gun in these extinctions is very obvious, and it’s in our hands,” co-author Todd Palmer, a biologist at the University of Florida, wrote in an e-mail to The Washington Post. Read More

Stanford researcher warns sixth mass extinction is here

Thursday, June 18, 2015

How strong was the earthquake in Nepal? Enough to actually shove Mount Everest.

[Washington Post] Watching from the the other side of the globe, it can hard to fathom the power of a massive earthquake like the magnitude 7.8 tremor that rocked Nepal on April 25, killing more than 8,500 people.
Here's another way to think about it: The quake was so powerful that it physically shoved over the world's highest peak by 3 centimeters, or about 1.2 inches, according to Chinese state media.
That data comes from "a satellite monitoring system" that the Chinese government set up in 2005 to observe the movement of the mountain, state media reported.
The mountain is constantly moving, even without earthquakes.
"Monitoring data collected by the department from 2005 to 2015 shows that the mountain has been moving at a speed of four centimeters per year and has been growing by 0.3 centimeters annually," state media said. The mountain's slow-moving journey is caused by the collision of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, which forces the ground upward, creating the Himalayas.
The quake didn't affect Everest's height, but it reversed nine months of northeasterly movement in a matter of seconds, according to CNN. It also triggered several deadly avalanches on the mountain that killed 19 and strapped more than 100 others on the peak, bringing a swift end to the 2015 climbing season. Read More

Could You Transfer Your Consciousness To Another Body?

[Medical Daily] For a long time, many of us have wondered whether we’d ever be able to achieve immortality. Films, TV shows, and books often feature such plots; in Harry Potter, Voldemort struggles to obtain the Philosopher’s stone, which will provide eternal life. And in the 2005 film The Skeleton Key, a former slave couple successfully uses hoodoo several times to transfer their consciousness into younger bodies through to the present day. Next month, a new film called Self/Less will premiere, and it’ll be based on a similar premise. But could it ever actually be possible to transfer our consciousness into other people’s bodies?
According to the above ASAP Science video, the answer is no — but maybe one day. As the above video points out, scientists can already trigger memories by activating them with electricity. Activity in the brain, specifically images conjured during dreaming, can also be predicted through computer programs paired with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG). This means that in a scientifically imperfect world, we could get our brain activity onto computers. And other science has shown the possibility of activating memories through genetically altered neurons. Read More

Above-Normal, Costly Wildfire Season Forecast for the West

[AccuWeather] California needs rain to help break a years-long drought, but some of the storms that could form this summer may spark more wildfires in the West.
More than 50 Western wildfires were caused by lightning since May 30, according to the U.S. Forest Service.
Above-normal wildfire conditions are expected through at least September, the National Interagency Fire Center said.
In September and especially October, things will start to change and an increase moisture heading toward the wet season may help firefighters, but before then, the storms will cause more problems than help, AccuWeather Lead Long-Range Meteorologist Paul Pastelok said.
Dry thunderstorms will be a problem across the region.
"They are dry because they are driven by mid- to upper-level moisture and not deep, low-level moist connection," Pastelok said. "Therefore, the base of these storms are higher than normal and precipitation evaporates before reaching the ground. However, you can still get lightning and the strikes are what ignites the fires and the wind kicked up by these storms helps spread the fires." Read More

Alaska gets help from lower 48 states in fighting wildfires
Firefighters and equipment from the lower 48 states and Canada are arriving to help battle wildfires burning in the nation's largest state. Weary firefighters welcomed the help as they struggled to keep up with two major fires threatening rural highway communities, even as lightning sparked nearly a dozen more blazes.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Myths and Realities of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault

by Martin Teitel, SeedSavers, An Interview with Cary Fowler
I first met Cary Fowler 35 years ago when, along with Pat Roy Mooney and Seed Sav­ers Exchange board member Hope Shand, he was instrumental in creating the crucial triangle of global crop diversity, farmers’ rights, and open access to seeds. Since then, Cary has worked on these issues all over the world. As executive director of the Global Crop Diver­sity Trust, he facilitated the establishment of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. He is the recipient of many awards and honors from sources as diverse enough to include the Rus­sian Academy of Sciences and Bette Midler. Since many of us at Seed Savers Exchange consider Cary to be one of the “family”—he has been on the SSE board and has advised us and spoken at our Campouts—I thought he’d be the best resource to help us under­stand what Svalbard is and isn’t.

Martin Teitel: Cary, aside from variations in weather and the size of the collections, what are the differences between the SSE seed bank in Decorah, and the Svalbard seed vault? And why did you pick such an unusual location? As a southerner, do you love the cold that much?
Cary Fowler: Norwegians have a saying: there is no such thing as bad weather, there’s just bad clothes. I don’t mind the cold. In fact my favorite time to visit is in the dead of winter. But I have Norwegian clothes.
SSE’s seed bank and the Seed Vault are similar in many ways. Both primarily func­tion as an insurance policy for other forms of conservation. In the case of SSE, that would be varieties grown yearly by gardeners. With the Seed Vault, its seed samples held by seed banks, such as the Dutch, Philippine, or Kenyan national facilities, or SSE. The Seed Vault, however, was physically built to last as long as anything on earth. Its location is obviously remote, which adds to its security. Svalbard is under Norwegian sovereignty, which reassures many, and it was no small matter that Norway offered to pay the entire cost of construction.
Given the natural temperature of the permafrost deep inside the mountain in Svalbard (about -4°C), the facil­ity is much less reliant than any other in the world on mechanical refrigeration and electricity to achieve the optimal temperature which is -18°C. And the insula­tion is pretty good, too! In fact, the Vault virtually runs by itself—we have no staff on site. That lowers costs, which increases sustainability. The modest funding required is secured by virtue of an endowment (which allows the Vault to offer free storage), and the facility itself offers physical security second to none. Inside a mountain in this remote and cold location, the seeds are as safe as they could be on this planet.
Keep in mind that many of the sam­ples held in Svalbard are of variet­ies no longer grown by farmers. In situ, or on-farm, conservation is not a realistic conservation option for these. Moreover, as we know, that form of conser­vation has its own set of risks. So, it is vitally important that all our different conservation efforts, whether in the garden or in the seed bank, be supplemented by a facility such as the Seed Vault.

MT: I’ve read accusations that Svalbard was built to benefit monoculture companies like Monsanto or prominent people like Bill Gates. Is there any basis for these criticisms, and do you have any idea why people would attack a seed vault?
CF: It was built to conserve diversity, not to promote genetic uniformity! If we don’t promote diversity by conserving it, how do we do it?
The context in which the Seed Vault was conceived and built was and is that we are losing diversity both in farming systems and also in seed banks. We wanted to put an end to the modern-day extinction of crop diversity. So we conceived of a facility that would provide incredibly safe storage for duplicate copies of the samples that the many seed banks around the world are attempting to conserve. If a depositing seed bank loses their own sample, there’s another—a duplicate— in the Seed Vault. Only depositors have access to the seed, and they only have access to the seed samples they themselves have deposited in the Seed Vault. Neither Monsanto nor Bill Gates have deposited seeds, thus they have nothing to access. It’s really that simple. This arrangement is formalized through contracts and watched closely by several international bodies, and of course by the depositors themselves. There is no trans­fer of physical or intellectual property rights from the depositor to the Seed Vault. The depositor continues to own their seeds. In fact, we at the Vault never open the boxes or packages sent by the depositor. Of course, participation is voluntary—there is no requirement that seed banks participate, but there is really no reason not to.
I am aware of the conspiracy theories and “concerns” that have surfaced around this rather iconic but gener­ally off-limits facility built near the North Pole. It was probably inevitable. With sadness, I chalk this up to the cynicism that so many people feel these days about almost any attempt to do something good and big. “If it’s in the news, positive, and governments are involved, there must be something sinister going on behind the scenes that THEY are not telling us about.” That’s how some people feel. And then they abandon their skepti­cism and accept without question the most outlandish things they find on the internet. Because many people don’t like Monsanto, Monsanto-related theories are particularly persistent, though the company has had absolutely no involvement. Read More

Red River floods part of Louisiana

[KOAA] CADDO & BOSSIER PARISH, Louisiana -(KTAL) The Red River is flooding parts of Northwest Louisiana. Dozens of homes have been flooded, where the river crested at 37-feet on Monday. That was higher than originally expected.
People there haven't seen the river this high since 1945. The reason? Heavy rain in Oklahoma and Texas caused the river to swell as it headed downstream into Louisiana.
Experts predict the river will stay above flood stage through the end of June, and possibly even longer. The Louisiana National Guard has been called to help. They built a temporary flood wall in Shreveport and hauled in two five-thousand pound pumps to a parish pumping station, protecting about 20,000 residents.

More than 2,500 Homes Damaged in Houston Area Floods
More than 2,500 residential properties were damaged in Harris County during last month's flooding, almost half with significant damage, according to a preliminary report from county officials.
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About 2,516 residential and 73 commercial properties were assessed as having been damaged due to flooding from the Memorial Day storms, according to a report by the Harris County Office of Emergency Management. The hardest hit area with the majority of the damage was in the City of Houston . . .

The New Ecomony: Losing Liberty in an Age of Access

"... We are witnessing more than just a minor shift in the way Americans do business. It is a transformation. Commerce is being remade in the image of a new age. Once associated with ubiquitous private property, capitalism is becoming a game of renting access to goods and services, not purchasing them for possession."

[The New Atlantis] A few months before 9/11, when I first moved to downtown Los Angeles, the city’s high rises teemed with lawyers and bankers. The lights stayed on late — a beacon of industriousness. But as I quickly discovered, they rolled up the sidewalks by sundown. No matter how productive and wealthy its workers, downtown was a ghost town. LA’s urban core was no place to raise a family or own a home. With its patchwork of one-way streets and expensive lots, it was hardly even a place to own a car. The boom of the late 1980s and early 1990s that had erected LA’s skyline had not fueled residential growth. Angelenos who wanted to chase the dream of property ownership were effectively chased out of downtown.
But things change. Last month, I moved back to “DTLA,” as it’s now affectionately known. Today, once-forlorn corners boast shiny new bars, restaurants, and high-end stores. The streets are full of foot traffic, fueled by new generations of artisans, artists, and knowledge workers. They work from cafés or rented apartments, attend parties on hotel rooftops, and Uber religiously through town. Yes, there are plenty of dogs. But there are babies and children too. In a little over a decade, downtown’s generational turnover has replaced a faltering economy with a dynamic one.
What happened? Partly, it’s a tale of the magnetic power possessed by entrepreneurs and developers, who often alone enjoy enough social capital to draw friends and associates into risky areas that aren’t yet trendy. Even more, it is a story that is playing out across the country. In an age when ownership meant everything, downtown Los Angeles languished. Today, current tastes and modern technology have made access, not ownership, culturally all-important, and LA’s “historic core” is the hottest neighborhood around. Likewise, from flashy metros like San Francisco to beleaguered cities like Pittsburgh, rising generations are driving economic growth by paying to access experiences instead of buying to own.
Nationwide, the line between downsizing hipsters and upwardly mobile yuppies is blurring — an indication of potent social and economic change. America’s hipsters and yuppies seem to be making property ownership uncool. But they’re just the fashionable, visible tip of a much bigger iceberg.
Rather than a fad, the access economy has emerged organically from the customs and habits of “the cheapest generation” — as it has been dubbed in The Atlantic, the leading magazine tracking upper-middle-class cultural trends. Writers Derek Thompson and Jordan Weissman recount that, in 2010, Americans aged 21 to 34 “bought just 27 percent of all new vehicles sold in America, down from the peak of 38 percent in 1985.” From 1998 to 2008, the share of teenagers with a driver’s license dropped by more than a fourth. And it isn’t just cars and driving: Thompson and Weissman cite a 2012 paper written by a Federal Reserve economist showing that the proportion of new young homeowners during the period from 2009 to 2011 was at a level less than half that of a decade earlier. It’s not quite a stampede from ownership, but it’s close.
In part, these changes can be chalked up to the post-Great Recession economy, which has left Millennials facing bleak job prospects while carrying heavy loads of student debt. But those economic conditions have been reinforced by other incentives to create a new way of thinking among Millennials. They are more interested than previous generations in paying to use cars and houses instead of buying them outright. Buying means responsibility and risk. Renting means never being stuck with what you don’t want or can’t afford. It remains to be seen how durable these judgments will be, but they are sharpened by technology and tastes, which affect not just the purchase of big-ticket items like cars and houses but also life’s daily decisions. Ride-sharing apps like Uber and Lyft and car-sharing services like Zipcar are biting into car sales. Vacation-home apps like Airbnb have become virtual rent-sharing apps. There’s something powerfully convenient about the logic of choosing to access stuff instead of owning it. Its applications are limited only by the imagination. Read More

Tuesday, June 09, 2015

Ring of Fire Activation

(Just recently received these links from a friend and wanted to share this information. Looks like the Ring of Fire is activated again. This may match prophecies from New World Atlas, Volume Two. "... Look for this around the time of the activation of the Ring of Fire. Then, volcanic activity will spread ash into the Earth’s atmosphere for four years after the explosion of two major volcanoes in the Philippines." - Lori)



Sakurajima volcano (Japan): strong explosions, ash plume to 14-20,000 ft (4-6 km) altitude After having been comparably calm the past days, the volcano started a series of strong explosions this morning. Ash plumes rose to reported 14,20,000 ft altitude . . .


Sinabung Volcano erupts in Indonesia, forcing evacuations  Thick plumes of volcanic ash and flowing lava are spewing from Mount Sinabung. About 2,700 people have been evacuated from the Indonesian island of Sumatra because of the increased volcanic activity in the region during the past two weeks . . .

There may be a volcano erupting off the coast of Oregon With 8,000 earthquakes detected off Oregon's coast, it appears the underwater Axial Seamount volcano may be erupting. Should coastal residents be wary, or are researchers taking notice for a different reason? ...

Eruptions in Japan - Sakurajima Volcano blows its top

Saturday, June 06, 2015

What Do Texas And Delhi Have In Common? Extreme Weather!

[DogoNews] Texas, the second most populous U.S. state and India's capital Delhi may lie in two different continents and over 8,300 miles apart. But over the past few weeks both have made headlines for the same reason - extreme weather. The only difference is that while Texas is being inundated with torrential rains, Delhi has been experiencing a heat wave so severe that it is melting the roads.
Similar to California, Texas has been experiencing a severe drought for the last five years. However, that changed over the Memorial Day weekend when a series of thunderstorms and tornadoes swept through a wide swath of area, wreaking havoc to communities all the way from Mexico to Iowa. Among the worst hit was the small Mexican border town of Ciudad Acuña, which suffered extensive damage after a rare but ferocious tornado rammed its way through, killing thirteen residents.
While the twister did not impact Oklahoma and Texas, the heavy rain brought many cities to a near standstill. Houston, which received 11-inches, most of it on Memorial Day, was particularly impacted thanks to the overflowing of the 2,500 miles of bayous or waterways that meander through the city. The severe weather left thousands without power, damaged over 4,000 homes and 2,500 cars, and resulted in seven deaths.
Though this storm system that prompted a rare 'rain' day closure for many schools on May 26th, is being billed as epic, the city of Houston has experienced worse. In 2001, Tropical Storm Allison dumped 32 trillion gallons of water, damaging 73,000 homes and over 95,000 cars and trucks. Thirty residents lost their lives.
Though the worst seems to be over for Houston at least for now, another severe storm system is currently sweeping through Dallas, prompting officials to issue flash flood warnings. The only silver lining is that with Texas receiving almost 35 trillion gallons of water or enough to cover the entire state in 8-inches of water just in May, the drought is officially over.
The month of May is always a scorcher in India. However according to EM-Dat, The International  Emergency Disasters Database, this year's heat wave is so severe that it will go down in record books as second-deadliest in India and the fifth in the world!
Though the entire Indian subcontinent is suffering, the worst hit are the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Odisha, where temperatures have reached as high as 117°F (47.7°C). Things are not much better in the north where Dehli is situated. On Wednesday May 27th, the 112° F (44.4°C) temperatures experienced in the Indian capital resulted in melting the asphalt road surfaces in certain areas.
Government officials have been urging the residents of the most severely affected areas to stay indoors, especially between 11am and 4pm when the temperatures are the highest. However, it is hard to do in a country where 29% of the people live below the poverty line. So far, over 1,800 people have succumbed to the heat. While some of the victims are elderly or homeless, may farmers and minimum wage construction workers that survive on daily income have also lost their lives while trying to eke out a living.
Fortunately, there is some relief on the way. According to meteorologists, the much-awaited monsoon rains will arrive in the southern Indian state of Kerala by next week and then gradually make their way north. For the residents of the subcontinent, it cannot happen soon enough! Read More



Colorado Tornadoes Intensify

[Examiner] The Colorado Front Range has been under tornado and flood watches today , with a number of tornado warnings being issued for storms near Bennett, Colorado, that produced several confirmed tornadoes. Yesterday, tornadoes touched down between Loveland and Longmont, Colorado, resulting in nearly a dozen destroyed or damaged homes, downed power poles, and debarked trees. The north side of the town of Simla, Colorado, also experienced some significant tornado damage, yesterday, as well.
At night time, the storm that produced tornadoes over northern Longmont in the afternoon, also managed to dump an incredible 6 inches of rain in only a few hours at night creating a number of flash floods in already swollen creeks and river banks.
Tornadic storms resulted from afternoon springtime surface heating with unusually high Colorado surface dew points 82/60, a fairly strong west-to-easterly cold jet flow at 300 mb stronger than 50 knots, augmented by exceptionally high surface based convectively available potential energy (CAPE), high energy helicity (EHI), surface shear, strong backed wind profiles, and surface flows feeding storm inflows from the southeast. A deepening surface low along the warm front boundary in Elizabeth, Colorado contributed to the development of the Simla mega-spercell.
Yesterday morning started out with clear skies and heavy dew points, and the afternoon heated up to mid 80f temperatures. Not long afterwards, jet streaks appeared high over the eastern plains of Colorado, considerably enhancing instability. Storms began to fire in late morning, and intensified sharply as afternoon heating eroded the weak convective inhibition (CAP). Cumulus cloud fields quickly intensified into volcanic updraft towers around the Denver south metro area, and these storms moved eastward into Elizabeth, Colorado, quickly forming into supercell complexes, and evolving into very strong (Texas sized) towering mesocyclone storms, several of which produced tornadic storm structures, and one in particular, a bit north of Simla, Colorado organized into an exceedingly large tornadic storm with tops exceeding 55,000ft at points. The Simla tornadic storm, once anchored to the warm front, slowed easterly progress to around 15 miles per hour, and the storm developed a strong inflow, and right turned to produce a cyclic tornadic storm that created half a dozen strong long lived tornadoes, of various types, including: rope tornadoes, stove pipe tornadoes, and at least one rain wrapped wedge tornado, with a number of these tornadoes occurred simultaneously. On June 4th, the large supercells were slow southeast moving right turning mesocyclones; whereas, today, tornadic storms in Colorado were mostly northeasterly tracking tornado producers. Read More

Demand and Expectations Grow for Green Retirement Communities

[NYTimes] A DIE-HARD community gardener and composter, David Conrad, 77, wanted to age in a retirement community that complemented his love of all things green. So seven years ago, he and his wife, Sally, moved to earth-friendly Wake Robin in Shelburne, Vt.
Now Mr. Conrad spends his days managing the Wake Robin recycling campaign, along with working in the community garden and walking the community’s four miles of wooded trails. Other residents make maple syrup or tend beehives that produce honey, which is bottled and sold.
“I wanted to live in a place that’s healthy,” says Mr. Conrad, who is a retired college professor. “So sustainability is very important. We like to think that we’re leading the way.”
Green do-gooders like Mr. Conrad are indeed forging a new path for retirees. Though eco-conscious retirement communities are still rare in the United States (exact figures are scant), they are expected to grow in number as baby boomers age and seek healthier, greener alternatives.
“Moving forward, in the next 20 years, these green communities will become the standard,” said Andrew Carle, director of the senior housing administration program at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va.
Lots of green communities are in the development stage, said Jamie Hopkins, associate professor of taxation at the American College of Financial Services. But for now, there’s more need than supply, especially as baby boomers age. Some places even have five-year waiting lists, he said.
These lush facilities offer lots of unseen benefits. Carbon footprints are reduced with energy- and water-saving initiatives, including geothermal heating and low-flow toilets. And older people can enjoy environmentally friendly buildings that typically offer airy spaces with more natural light and indoor furnishings that use far less toxic materials. These communities can also reap subsidies and incentives that might provide more motivation to make the upgrades, experts say.
The biggest challenge, though, is wading through the gray policy areas of green standards.
So Mr. Hopkins recommends making sure there’s enough evidence to back up actual claims. “Eco-friendly doesn’t mean a lot,” he said. “And some places just use buzz words.” For example, some so-called eco-friendly communities may have golf courses, which use lots of water. Read More

The difference between asteroids and meteorites

[Phys.Org] Asteroids, meteors, and meteorites … It might be fair to say these rocks from space inspire both wonder and fear among us Earthlings. But knowing a bit more about each of them and how they differ may eliminate some potential misgivings. While all these rocks originate from space, they have different names depending their location—i.e. whether they are hurtling through space or hurtling through the atmosphere and impacting Earth's surface.

In simplest terms here are the definitions:
  • Asteroid: a large rocky body in space, in orbit around the Sun.
  • Meteoroid: much smaller rocks or particles in orbit around the Sun.
  • Meteor: If a meteoroid enters the Earth's atmosphere and vaporizes, it becomes a meteor, which is often called a shooting star.
  • Meteorite: If a small asteroid or large meteoroid survives its fiery passage through the Earth's atmosphere and lands on Earth's surface, it is then called a meteorite.
Another related term is bolide, which is a very bright meteor that often explodes in the atmosphere. This can also be called a fireball.
Let's look at each in more detail:
Asteroids
Asteroids are found mainly in the asteroid belt, between Mars and Jupiter. Sometimes their orbits get perturbed or altered and some asteroids end up coming closer to the Sun, and therefore closer to Earth. In addition to the asteroid belt, however, there have been recent discussions among astronomers about the potential existence of large number asteroids in the Kuiper Belt and Oort Cloud.
Asteroids are sometimes referred to as minor planets or planetoids, but in general, they are rocky bodies that do not have an atmosphere. However, a few have their own moons. Our solar system contains millions of asteroids, many of which are thought to be the shattered remnants of planetesimals – bodies within the young Sun's solar nebula that never grew large enough to become planets.
The size of what classifies as an asteroid is not extremely well defined, as an asteroid can range from a few meters wide – like a boulder—to objects that are hundreds of kilometers in diameter. The largest asteroid is asteroid Ceres at about 952 km (592 miles) in diameter, and Ceres is so large that it is also categorized as a dwarf planet.
Most asteroids are made of rock, but as we explore and learn more about them we know that some are composed of metal, mostly nickel and iron. According to NASA, a small portion of the asteroid population may be burned-out comets whose ices have evaporated away and been blown off into space. Recently, astronomers have discovered some asteroids that mimic comets in that gas and dust are emanating from them, and as we mentioned earlier, there appears to be a large number of bodies with asteroid-like compositions but comet-like orbits. Read More