Thursday, December 31, 2015

SOULJOURNS ~ LOVING COMMENTS FROM FOLLOWERS OF AMMA SRI KARUNAMAYI

Cataclysms from the North Pole to South America

[Washington Post] From the top of the world to near the bottom, freakish and unprecedented weather has sent temperatures soaring across the Arctic, whipped the United Kingdom with hurricane-force winds and spawned massive flooding in South America.
The same storm that slammed the southern United States with deadly tornadoes and swamped the Midwest, causing even greater loss of life, continued on to the Arctic. Sub-tropical air pulled there is now sitting over Iceland, and at what should be a deeply sub-zero North Pole, temperatures on Wednesday appeared to reach the melting point — more than 50 degrees above normal. That was warmer than Chicago.
Only twice before has the Arctic been so warm in winter. Residents of Iceland are bracing for conditions to grow much worse as one of the most powerful storms ever recorded blasts through the North Atlantic. This rare “bomb cyclone” arrived with sudden winds of 70 miles per hour and waves that lashed the coast.
Thousands of miles south, in the center of Latin America, downpours fueled by the Pacific Ocean’s giant El Niño pattern have drenched regions of Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay.
In what’s described as the worst flooding in a half-century, more than 160,000 people have fled their homes. The Paraguay River in that nation is within inches of topping its banks, and the Uruguay River in Argentina is 46 feet above normal, according to a BBC News report.
The dramatic storms are ending a year of record-setting weather globally, with July measured as the hottest month ever and 2015 set to be the warmest year.
Up and down the U.S. East Coast, this month will close as the hottest December ever. In much of the Northeast into Canada, temperatures on Christmas rose into the 70s — tricking bushes and trees into bloom in many locations. In the Washington area, forsythia, azaleas and even cherry blossoms were suddenly in full color.
“I see this as a double whammy,” Michael Mann, a professor of meteorology at Penn State University, said in an email. “El Niño . . . is one factor, human-caused climate change and global warming is another. You put the two together, and you get dramatic increases in certain types of extreme weather events.”
The impact is more and more devastating.
In rain-soaked Missouri, where more than a dozen people have died because of the flooding, Gov. Jay Nixon (D) has declared a state of emergency.
Almost two dozen levees along the Mississippi River are considered at risk, and forecasts are calling for record or near-record crests of the river and tributaries that feed it. Nearly 450 river gauges have hit flood stage since Monday, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
From Illinois to Texas, 6 to 12 inches of rain have fallen since Dec. 26. Dozens of new precipitation marks were set last weekend, in some cases doubling or even tripling old records. Read More

Wednesday, December 30, 2015

In Wild Winter, Warm North Pole Storm Chills U.S. Forecast as Flooding Threatens Levees

[New York Times] What a season it has been for demonstrating how severe weather in the United States is shaped by, and shapes, conditions elsewhere around the planet. Of course, the main event is the still-growing El Niño warmup of the tropical Pacific Ocean, which has worldwide impacts — particularly in poor countries. For a primer, see this helpful explanatory video and article from The Times, and a great update from Capital Weather Gang.
Below, I’ll discuss the growing prospect of record-breaking flooding along the Mississippi River, fueled in part by the Pacific Ocean pattern. Jeff Masters has a worrisome piece on his Wunderground blog noting that such flooding has never been experienced at this time of year. My focus will be on how vulnerable levees may raise the odds of disaster.
But first let’s look north.
Justin Gillis filed an excellent report tonight on factors behind severe weather around the world, stressing that El Niño is hardly the only player: “This winter, a climate pattern called the Arctic Oscillation is also keeping cold air bottled up in the high north, allowing heat and moisture to accumulate in the middle latitudes."
You almost assuredly saw at least one story about how the potent storm that triggered deadly tornado outbreaks and flooding across the South and Midwest in recent days carried so much warm air to the North Pole that temperatures over the sea ice, normally well below zero through the dark boreal winter, briefly hitting 33 degrees Fahrenheit today.*
(If you didn’t, click back to the Capital Weather Gang and Andrew Freedman’s coverage for starters.)
The storm system (named Storm Frank by British forecasters), inspired overheated headlines describing how the “North Pole [is] Set to Unfreeze as Temperature Soars” and the like. It’s not, as the WeatherBELL meteorologist Ryan Maue pointed out on Twitter today, writing, “Hope you enjoyed the North Pole heat wave — now back to normal programming down to -25°F … warm up next week.” Read More

Monday, December 21, 2015

Can electric signals in Earth’s atmosphere predict earthquakes?

[ScienceMag] Ask seismologists when they’ll be able to predict earthquakes, and the answer is generally: sometime between the distant future and never. Although there have been some promising leads over the years, the history of earthquake forecasting is littered with false starts and pseudoscience. However, some scientists think that Earth’s crust may give hints before it ruptures, in the form of electromagnetic anomalies in the ground and atmosphere that occur minutes to days before an earthquake. Last week, here at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union, researchers shared their evolving understanding of these phenomena—and how they might be used to predict deadly quakes.
Kosuke Heki, a geophysicist at Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan, first got interested in the subject when he spotted an increase in the total electron content of the ionosphere—the charged outermost layer of the atmosphere—above Tohoku about 40 minutes before the magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck in 2011. Heki had long used GPS data to study ionospheric responses to earthquakes, which occur when the sudden movement of Earth’s crust reverberates through the atmosphere. Ionospheric disturbances interfere with the communication between GPS satellites and receivers, leaving a fingerprint at specific radio frequencies that researchers can tease out.
In 2011, Heki was skeptical of electromagnetic precursors. But since then, he has used the world’s growing array of GPS stations to identify similar signals before nine other major earthquakes, he explained at the meeting. In addition, Heki has found that earlier anomalies precede stronger earthquakes, potentially reflecting the longer time needed to initiate rupture along larger segments of a fault. Now, he says he’s convinced there’s really something going on: “Seeing is believing.” Read More

Sakyong Mipham Rinpoche: The Shambhala Principle and the Good Life

Climate Change Is Heating Lakes Rapidly

[Discovery] When we talk about global warming, the number that everyone usually focuses on is that of the atmosphere, though the world’s oceans also are absorbing heat as well. Now, it turns out, lakes may be faring even worse.
According to a new study, climate change is warming lakes even faster than the atmosphere or oceans, and it could pose a significant future threat to the habitats for fish and other aquatic animals, as well as drinking water for millions of people.
The study, published in Geophysical Research Letters, shows that lakes are warming at an average of 0.61 degrees Fahrenheit each decade.
Over the next century, it could be enough to increase algal blooms by 20 percent, including a 5 percent boost in toxic blooms. That may not seem like a lot, but it’s enough to present a hazard to both aquatic life and to the cleanliness of water supplies.
“We found that ice–covered lakes, including Canadian lakes, are warming twice as fast as air temperatures and the North American Great Lakes are among the fastest warming lakes in the world,”  biologist Sapna Sharma, a biologist at Canada’s York University, said in a press release.
The study focused upon 236 lakes, which contain more than half of the world’s freshwater supply. They were monitored over a 25-year period. Read More

Thursday, December 17, 2015

Shamballa - Om Namah Shivaya

Enormous Christmas Eve Asteroid Sparks Fears: 'Potentially Hazardous' Space Rock Could Cause Earthquakes, Wake Dormant Volcanoes

[Star Pulse] A massive asteroid flying by Earth on 2015 Christmas Eve has scientists on edge. While NASA is downplaying the threat to human life and property, conspiracy theorists and several experts say space rock 2003 SD220 is larger than believed and has the potential to cause deadly earthquakes and eruptions from dormant volcanoes.

According to a Sun report, the Christmas Eve asteroid is one of at least 10 rocky bodies in space that are considered "potentially hazardous" to Earth. According to an internal report, NASA officials say it measures about 1.5 miles wide and is moving at 5 miles per second.

"Little is known about the remaining 10 high-priority targets other than the absolute magnitudes and their heliocentric orbits that make six of them potentially hazardous to Earth."

In a separate report, Paul Chodas, manager of NASA's Near-Earth Object Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, issued a statement on the widespread rumors.

"There is no scientific basis -- not one shred of evidence -- that an asteroid or any other celestial object will impact Earth on those dates.

"If there were any object large enough to do that type of destruction in September, we would have seen something of it by now.

Sources say the asteroid flyby on Christmas Eve poses little threat as it will only come within 6.7 million miles to the planet. By comparison, that's 28 times the distance from here to the moon. Further, you'll need a telescope to view the chunky body.

Extraterrestrial collusion theorists who believe in a Planet X or Nibiru, are not convinced of the recent announcement that downplays potential threats of an impact. Read More

Monday, December 14, 2015

How Trees Try to Cope With Climate Change

[Discovery] Imagine that you’re lost in a desert, or some other inhospitable environment. You’ve got two choices. One is to stay in place and conserve supplies and water, in order to make them last. The other is to push on tenaciously and hope that you find a way out of your predicament.
As it turns out, trees are like that too, when it comes to coping with the hotter, drier environment created by climate change. In a new article in the journal Global Change Biology, University of Washington researchers studied two common tree species in southwestern Colorado, and found that each had developed a different survival strategy.
“We really wanted to identify the entire suite of strategies that a plant can use to grow in drier environments, as well as which of these strategies each tree would employ,” UW biology professor  Janneke Hille Ris Lambers, who co-authored the article with graduate student Leander Anderegg, said in a press release.
In the summer of 2014, the two researchers studied the slopes of the La Plata Mountains in Colorado’s San Juan National Forest, where a drought-ravaged ecosystem that’s become 1 degree Fahrenheit hotter over the past 30 years is putting stress on trees.
One of the species under pressure is the ponderosa pine, whose habitat at the lower levels overlaps with that of the trembling aspens, a tree that predominates further up the mountainside. Read More

How to Prepare for an Earthquake

[New York Times] ‘‘Bolt heavy objects to the wall,’’ says Ross S. Stein, a geophysicist who teaches at Stanford University. Loose things cause many earthquake injuries; broken bottles cut feet, falling armoires and flying televisions break bones. So fix your bookshelves in place and hang framed art with quake-­proof mountings. Latch cupboards containing breakables like glassware. Keep a headlamp by your bed, because there will probably be a power failure. ‘‘These are the easy, cheap fixes,’’ says Stein, who studied earthquakes and their aftershocks for more than 30 years as a senior scientist with the United States Geological Survey. Last year, he introduced temblor.net, a website and app that enables users to calculate their seismic exposure.

Even in quake-­prone regions like the San Francisco Peninsula — where Stein lives, three miles from the San Andreas fault — buildings end up with fundamental vulnerabilities that require more expensive fixes. If you live near a fault, make sure your house is fastened to its foundation. Buildings tend to be cube-­shaped, and cubes, Stein says, ‘‘have no structural integrity’’: When jolted, they collapse into parallelograms. Strengthen your cube (or press your landlord to do so) with materials like crisscrossing cables or plywood bracing.

Because our homes generally aren’t built to handle shaking, Stein stores a crowbar under his bed in case he needs to jimmy a damaged door. He keeps extra propane for cooking and a solar-­powered cellphone charger. His surgical mask, work gloves and shovel are always accessible (‘‘be ready to rescue someone’’); three-­gallon bottles of distilled water are stored in his garage. Everyone in his family has an orange emergency whistle.

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Scientists may have just solved one of the most troubling mysteries about sea-level rise

Interesting story that explains how melting ice can change the rotation of Earth. This matches the I AM America information. - Lori

[Washington Post] Scientists have announced a potential solution to a tantalizing puzzle about sea-level rise that’s remained unsolved for more than a decade. In doing so, they’ve helped confirm scientists’ latest estimates of 20th-century glacial melting and our understanding of how sea-level rise fundamentally affects the planet — down to the way it spins on its axis.
At issue is a scientific quandary known as “Munk’s enigma,” which was introduced by famed oceanographer Walter Munk in a 2002 paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The enigma refers to a key discrepancy between the amount of sea-level rise believed to have occurred during the 20th century and the effects it should have produced on the planet — specifically, on the Earth’s rotation.
That’s right — in addition to all the devastating and obvious effects sea-level rise will produce on the planet, such as flooding and erosion, sea-level rise also has the more subtle, but nonetheless mind-boggling ability to alter the way the Earth rotates on its axis.
“If you melt ice sheets or glaciers, which happen to be close to to the poles, and all of that mass moves from the poles toward the equators, that movement is very similar [to] a figure skater who puts her arms out,” said the new paper’s lead author, Jerry Mitrovica, a professor of geophysics at Harvard University. “The melting of glaciers acts to slow the spin of the Earth in a measurable way.”
Additionally, glacial melt can also cause the Earth’s rotation to wobble a little, since “the melting of glaciers isn’t perfectly symmetrical, and the water will move more in some parts of the Earth than others,” Mitrovica said.
Theoretically, one should be able to look at calculations of how the Earth’s rotation has changed over the years, compare these changes with the amount of glacial melting believed to have occurred in the same time frame, and find that the two measurements reinforce each other. Read More

Thursday, December 10, 2015

New Map of Earth's Groundwater Supply

[Live Science] A new map of Earth's groundwater supply shows where on the planet water is locked up and "hidden" underground.  
The map — the first of its kind — provides a visual representation of Earth's groundwater resources and estimates that the planet's total groundwater supply stands at approximately 5.5 million cubic miles (about 23 million cubic kilometers).
Groundwater is the source of the world's second-largest collection of freshwater, according to the National Ground Water Association. (The planet's primary source of fresh water comes from glaciers and ice caps.) Groundwater is collected from rainfall that seeps underground into aquifers and reservoirs beneath the land surface, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). [Earth in the Balance: 7 Crucial Tipping Points]
Groundwater is important for energy and food security, human health and healthy ecosystems, but it's also a resource that is at risk from overuse and human pollution, researchers said in a new study published online Nov. 16 in the journal Nature Geoscience.
The scientists obtained measurements of tritium, a radioactive version of the hydrogen molecule, and water flow models that used properties of water and its interaction with different types of rock to estimate how much groundwater the world possesses, where it is distributed and the age of the water in these underground reservoirs.
The researchers calculated that of the 5.5 million cubic miles of total groundwater in the uppermost 1.2 miles (2 km) of the continental crust, only between 24,000 to 129,500 cubic miles (100,000 to 540,000 cubic km) is young (modern) groundwater, which is less than 100 years old.
But, why is it important to know the age of groundwater? It turns out that young and old groundwater are fundamentally different in how they interact with the rest of the water and climate cycle, according to the study. Read More

China's Latest 'Airpocalypse' Seen from Space

[Live Science] Severe air pollution is choking China with thick veils of smog, and yesterday (Dec. 7), Beijing issued a red alert — the highest possible — due to poor air quality in the Chinese capital city. Recent satellite images of the country show large hazy clouds covering portions of northeastern China that are so thick they can be seen from space.
The images, taken by NASA's Earth-watching Suomi NPP satellite on Nov. 30, show some of the most severe pollution that cities in eastern China, including Beijing, have seen this year.
Shortly after the satellite photos were taken, country officials issued a code orange air pollution alert, which is the third tier of the four-tiered alert system that indicates "heavy" pollution or an Air Quality Index (AQI) reading between 201 and 300. On Monday, however,  the country's authorities  upgraded the alert to  a "code red," the highest level of alarm. It's the first time China has ever issued a code red air pollution alert, which indicates more than three days of air pollution levels with an AQI greater than 300. Officials have advised millions of the country’s citizens to stay indoors, implemented restrictions on driving and put a ban on outdoor barbeque until the smog dissipates, according to news reports. Read More

Tuesday, December 01, 2015

Sadhguru on Spirituality and Awakening Consciousness

Core of North American continent is 'extremely deformed'

[Daily Mail] Researchers have found that the Earth's continents really aren't as solid as a rock.
A groundbreaking new study found that cratons, the cores of continents, are less stable than thought.
They discovered the craton beneath the North American continent is extremely deformed, and has moved 850 kilometres - but they don't know why, or when.
They says its root is shifted relative to the center of the craton by 850 kilometers towards the west-southwest. 
It was assumed that cratons are stable because of their especially solid structure due to relatively low temperatures compared to the surrounding mantle.
A team of German-American scientists now discovered that these cratons that were assumed to be 'as solid as a rock' are not that solid after all. 
The team lead by Dr. Mikhail Kaban from the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences now discovered that the craton beneath the North American continent is extremely deformed: its root is shifted relative to the center of the craton by 850 kilometers towards the west-southwest.
This fact is in contrast to the prevailing assumptions that these continental roots did not undergo substantial changes after their formation 2.5 to 3.8 billion years ago. 
The study that appears in the latest online publication of Nature Geoscience contradicts this traditional view. Read More

We can tackle climate change by cleaning up our cities

[The Guardian] With more than 190 countries gathering in Paris this week the world still has a chance to avoid dangerous global warming – but only just. Already more than 160 countries have submitted pledges to reduce or limit their emissions of greenhouse gases by 2025 or 2030. Collectively these represent a substantial improvement on “business as usual”, but they are some way from a path that offers a reasonable probability of restricting the rise in global average temperature above its pre-industrial level to no more than 2C.
There is a serious emissions gap over the next 15 years: under the current pledges, emissions will go on rising until at least 2030. Warming of about 2C creates deeply worrying risks of triggering the kind of consequences – such as rapid sea level rise or the release of methane from gas hydrates in the ocean – that could prove catastrophic, potentially causing hundreds of millions of people to move from receding coastlines and more extreme weather. That will mean more migration, more refugees, more conflict and a world without peace and prosperity. That is why the world community, via the UNFCCC, regards warming above 2C as dangerous.
In Paris countries are expected to commit themselves to more ambitious emissions cuts, but there is no room for further delay. Already we are seeing the impact of climate change growing around the world, with more heatwaves, more record rainfall events and more intense droughts. There are signs that the major land-based ice sheets on Greenland and west Antarctica may be becoming unstable. Together they hold enough water to raise global sea levels by about 13 metres. The climate warning signals are all around us.
Governments around the world now acknowledge these dangers, and have started moving to low-carbon economies. Some have made more progress than others; some are more ambitious. But the direction of travel is clear.
One of the most crucial recent developments is that countries increasingly recognise the compatibility of action to tackle climate change with efforts to overcome poverty and raise living standards. These aims are intertwined and reinforce, rather than compete, with each other. Read More

As Big Food Feels Threat Of Climate Change, Companies Speak Up

[NPR] Chances are, you've picked up some chatter about the new global talks on climate change. If you can't quite see how it matters to you, personally, you might want to take a peek inside your pantry. Or your candy jar. Because it might just affect your access to everything from cheese to chocolate.
"It's very clear now that a changing climate will have a profound effect on agriculture," says Molly Brown, a geographer at the University of Maryland.
Take one simple example, she says: Vermont.
Farmers in this state used to count on being able to plant corn in May, she says. But weather patterns are shifting. The month of May is now typically cold and wet, "so they're really not able to plant their corn until the middle of June. That delays its harvest. And then we might have an early frost."
The result is less corn for Vermont's cows, and less local milk for the state's dairies. "It really changes the economic structure of how dairy products are produced in Vermont," Brown says.
This kind of thing is happening all over the world, sometimes with life-changing consequences.
In Ethiopia, Brown says, the country's traditional center of farming now isn't getting enough rain for its crops. Meanwhile, rain is falling in another region, in the northern part of Ethiopia, where few people live because it used to be really dry. "So the question is, do people move up north? Can they simply move the way they farm to that new region?"
Most farmers can't really see the the big global patterns of climate change, and certainly can't change what's happening.
But big multinational companies can see it, because they buy shiploads of farm products from all over the world.
Take, for example, Mars, Inc., maker of Mars bars, M&M's, Snickers, Skittles and more. Read More

Monday, November 16, 2015

How can Arabian Desert have a river of ice?

My Family Has Been Hit by Extreme Weather. Has Yours?

[Huffington Post] Three years ago, Superstorm Sandy wreaked havoc on my hometown of Long Beach, New York--destroying the first floor of my brother's house along with dozens of homes and obliterating our two-mile boardwalk. In a nearby town my sister and her neighbors were without electricity for days. Many families suffered far worse; more than 140 in all were killed by the storm, and New York State alone racked up more than $40 billion in damage.
My family is not unique. Every year, weather-related disasters like Sandy injure or kill hundreds of Americans and cause billions of dollars in losses. And scientists say that warmer temperatures are now making some of these extreme weather events worse - including drought like the historic one still ravaging California, or intense rainstorms like those that flooded South Carolina last month.
This fall, we at Environment America, along with researchers from the Frontier Group, have been crunching the numbers and gathering stories from across the country to find out the impact of storms, floods, drought, wildfires, and other weather-related disasters on average Americans. The results - revealed in an online, interactive map -- are staggering.
Ninety-six percent of Americans live in counties hit by at least one weather-related disaster in the last five years. Since September 2010, weather-related disasters were declared in all 50 states and in Washington, D.C. And 40 million people live in counties recently affected by five or more disasters. Read More

Did a missing trace element trigger mass extinctions?

[Cosmos Magazine] An asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs and volcanic eruptions triggered “the Great Dying” at the end of the Permian. But the cause of our planet’s other three mass extinctions is a mystery. Could something as prosaic as dietary deficiency be to blame?
Palaeontologist John Long from Adelaide’s Flinders University thinks a selenium shortage crippled life on Earth at the end of the Triassic, Ordovician and Devonian periods. He and his colleagues published their work in Gondwana Research in November.
The study sprang from a hunt for minerals. Geologist Ross Large from the University of Tasmania was relying on the fact that the trace element selenium is often found near nickel and copper ore deposits. Large meticulously analysed trace elements in 4,000 samples of ocean sediments laid down over the past 560 million years.
Having amassed such a vast dataset, Large offered Long a look at it. The palaeontologist immediately noticed something intriguing: selenium levels plummeted just ahead of the three mysterious mass extinctions.
Selenium is an essential element for all forms of cellular life: it helps cells mop up damaging molecules called free radicals. Along with other essential trace elements, selenium enters rivers and seas when the Earth’s tectonic plates are active. As the plates grind into each other, mountain ranges rise. And as the mountains erode, sand and dust rich in trace elements into rivers and oceans, and marine organisms flourish.
But in periods where landmasses are drifting apart – such as 200 million years ago, when the vast supercontinent Pangaea was breaking up – selenium levels can collapse. Read More

The Melting Arctic is like Discovering a New Africa

[CNBC] Governments and the private sector are positioning to develop the Arctic, where the wealth of resources is akin to a "new Africa," according to Iceland's president.
The melting of the Arctic is an ongoing phenomenon: In October, about 7.7 million square kilometers (about 3 million square miles) of Arctic sea ice remained, around 1.2 million square kilometers less than the average from 1981-2010, according to calculations by Arctic Sea Ice News & Analysis that was published by researchers at the National Snow and Ice Data Center.
One effect of the melting ice has been newly opened sea passages and fresh access to resources.
"Until 20 or so years ago, (the Arctic) was completely unknown and unmarked territory," Iceland's President Olafur Grimsson told an Arctic Circle Forum in Singapore on Thursday. "It is as if Africa suddenly appeared on our radar screen."
Grimsson cited resources that included rare metals and minerals, oil and gas, as well as "extraordinarily rich" renewable energy sources such as geothermal and wind power.
Developing the Arctic to access these resources "doesn't only have grave consequences," he said, noting that shipping companies had found new, faster sea routes through the area. Grimsson cited Cosco's trial Northern sea journey a couple years ago with a container ship, which was able to travel from Singapore to Rotterdam in 10 fewer days than the normal route, saving on fuel and other costs.
China's state-owned Cosco announced last month that it would begin a regular route through the Arctic Ocean to Europe.

Major investors are already eyeing the Arctic.
"The average economic annual rate of growth in the Arctic region is the highest in the world relative to any country or any economy," Scott Minerd, a managing partner at Guggenheim Partners, said at the forum. Guggenheim manages more than $240 billion.
"For investors, there is an opportunity here to take advantage of the impact of climate change," he said. Read More

Wednesday, November 04, 2015

Scientists confirm their fears about West Antarctica — that it’s inherently unstable

[Washington Post] It may be the biggest climate change story of the last two years.
In 2014, several research groups suggested that the oceanfront glaciers in the Amundsen Sea region of West Antarctica may have reached a point of “unstoppable” retreat due to warm ocean waters melting them from below. There’s a great deal at stake — West Antarctica is estimated to contain enough ice to raise global sea levels by 3.3 meters, or well over 10 feet, were it all to melt.
The urgency may now increase further in light of just published research suggesting that destabilization of the Amundsen sea’s glaciers would indeed undermine the entirety of West Antarctica, as has long been feared.
In a new study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Johannes Feldmann and Anders Levermann of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research use a sophisticated climate model to study what will happen if these glaciers are, indeed, fully destabilized. And in essence, they find that the process of retreat doesn’t end with the region currently up against the ocean.
“We showed that there is actually nothing that stops it,” said Levermann. “There are troughs and channels and all this stuff, there’s a lot of topography that actually has the potential to slow down or stop the instability, but it doesn’t.”
Or as the paper puts it: “The result of this study is an if–then statement, saying that if the Amundsen Sea Sector is destabilized, then the entire marine part of West Antarctica will be discharged into the ocean.”
West Antarctica can actually be considered the smallest of three planetary ice sheets — Greenland contains some 6 meters (20 feet) of potential sea level rise, and East Antarctica is the most vast of all, at nearly 60 meters, or 200 feet.
However, West Antarctica is currently believed to be the most vulnerable to rapid, large scale change, due to the fact that the Amundsen Sea’s glaciers are rooted on a seabed that slopes downward as you move further inland, in some places plunging a mile or more below sea level. The region’s largest glacier, the gigantic Thwaites, is bigger than Pennsylvania and over a mile in total thickness in places — and may be the single most vulnerable point. Read More

Saudi Hay Farm In Arizona Tests State's Supply Of Groundwater

[NPR] Outside of Phoenix, in the scorching Arizona desert, sits a farm that Saudi Arabia's largest dairy uses to make hay for cows back home.
That dairy company, named Almarai, bought the farm last year and has planted thousands of acres of groundwater-guzzling alfalfa to make that hay. Saudi Arabia can't grow its own hay anymore because those crops drained its own ancient aquifer.
Reporter Nathan Halverson tells NPR's Renee Montagne that Almarai bought about 15 square miles in the Arizona desert.
"They got about 15 water wells when they purchased the property. Now, each one of those wells can pump about 1.5 billion gallons of water. It's an incredible amount of water they're going to be drawing up from that aquifer underground," Halverson says.
The land in question had previously been under cultivation for corn, cotton and other crops, including smaller amounts of alfalfa for hay, he tells The Salt. Halverson's sources told him that the farm is now consuming significantly more water, since alfalfa is a particularly thirsty crop.
The remarkable thing about Saudi Arabia's story is that it'd done something similar in the desert until the water ran out. The aquifers essentially went dry. Ancient springs that were mentioned in the Bible began drying up, and the Saudi Arabian government told its dairy companies to start importing their hay and their wheat from other parts of the world.
It turns out that hay yields in the desert are the best in the United States. You can literally get three or four times as much hay growing in the desert because you have a very long growing season: It's hot, so the hay dries really quickly once you cut it. But the rub here is that you need ... lots of water. The temperatures are so high that it takes a lot more water to keep that barren soil moist for the alfalfa to grow.
The laws were put in place in the '70s, and kudos to Arizona — they were really one of the first states to put in groundwater laws. But the laws were really designed for local or domestic farming. The idea that another country would come and essentially export your water via crops just wasn't really around 30, 40 years ago. And so the laws that are in place are really inadequate for dealing with this new trend.
This is occurring in a part of Arizona that is unregulated for groundwater. So there are no limits on how much water they can pump. Read More

Inside the Secretive World of Tax-Avoidance Experts

A sociologist realized that if she were ever going to understand global inequality she would have to become one of the people who helps create it. So she trained to become a wealth manager to the ultra-rich.
[The Atlantic] Shakespeare said that all the world’s a stage, but the sociologist Erving Goffman added that most of the interesting stuff lies behind the scenes, in what he called the “backstage” areas of everyday life.
Having spent the past eight years doing research on the international wealth-management profession, I have to agree with Goffman: The most revealing information comes from the moments when people stop performing and go off-script. Like the time one of the wealth managers I interviewed in the British Virgin Islands lost his composure and threatened to have me thrown out of the country. His ire arose from an unexpected quarter:  He took offense to my use of the term “socio-economic inequality” in the two scholarly articles I had published on the profession. I thought the articles were typically academic, which is to say, the opposite of sensationalizing and of little interest to anyone outside my field.  But my suggestion that wealth managers might be connected to inequality in any way seemed alarmingly radical to this gentleman.
I was lucky that he merely threatened me. A journalist from Newsweek actually was deported from a different tax-haven island (Jersey) for her reporting there, and was banned from re-entering the island, or any part of the U.K., for nearly two years. Even though her story was unrelated to the financial-services industry, it was expected to bring negative publicity to the island, threatening its reputation as a place to do business. The message was therefore quashed by banishment of the messenger. The wealth-management industry does not mess around.
Wealth management is a profession on the defensive. Although many people have never heard of it, it is well known to both state revenue authorities and international agencies seeking to impose the rule of law on high-net-worth individuals. Those individuals—including the 103,000 people classified as “ultra-high-net-worth” based on having $30 million or more in investable assets—pay wealth-management professionals hefty fees to help them avoid taxes, debts, legal judgments, and other obligations the rest of the world considers part of everyday life. The general public doesn’t hear much about these professionals, since there are only a few of them worldwide (just under 20,000 belong to the main professional society) and they strive to keep a low profile, both for themselves and their clients. Read More

Saturday, October 31, 2015

10 Warning Signs The Universe Sends When You’re on The Wrong Path


[The Spirit ScienceMany people believe that things “just happen” to them, but as we connect more closely to our intuition we are shown that everything that happens to us is of our own creation.  We may not be fully aware of what we are creating moment to moment, but fortunately the universe provides us with many signs to let us know when we are on the right path, and (more importantly) when we are on the wrong path. This article will focus on the warning signs from the universe. 

In general, warning signs from the universe occur in the form of unwanted circumstances and events. These signs are an indication that your energy is headed towards (or currently stuck in) a low vibrational frequency.  Your thoughts, feelings and actions are focused negatively, and this is creating unwanted circumstances.

Conversely, when your thoughts, feelings and actions are moving at a high vibrational frequency, life will line up perfectly.  You will have excellent timing and good luck all day long. This is why it’s so important to raise your vibration by consciously choosing positive thoughts. Although we have the ability to resonate at a high vibrational frequency, it is challenging for us to stay elevated all of the time. This is because our souls are stuck here on Earth in a physical dimension that is much denser and slower than the higher, ethereal dimensions.   

The simple makeup of our planet and bodies is composed of much lower vibrational energy than that of our souls. As a result, we will likely bump up against unwanted circumstances from time to time, but that’s ok.  As long as we heed these warning signs (without allowing our egos to fixate on them!) we can get back on track quickly. As you move through your day, it’s a good idea to take note of the warning signs from the universe. Read More

Why We Should Pay Attention!

Tornadoes Cause Destruction, Flooding Continues in Texas

[Weather.com] Another round of storms and strong winds was moving east across Texas on Saturday, and two people were missing from earlier flash floods in the Austin area. Two people already were known to have died – in Austin and near San Antonio – when they were swept away by flood waters.
Tornadoes were reported south and east of Houston on Saturday morning, according to the National Weather Service. There were reports of overturned mobile homes and possible injuries. Power outages in the Houston area topped 25,000.
Francisco Sanchez of the Harris County Office of Emergency Management said 4-7 inches of rain has fallen since Friday night and more was expected. He said many locations had high water and more than two dozen water rescues had taken place.
In response to the flooding and tornado threat, the city of Houston activated its emergency operations center Saturday morning. Read More

The devastating potential of an extreme solar storm and what the White House is doing about it

[Washington Post] Weather is not limited to the clouds, wind, extremes of heat and cold and precipitation systems that we experience on Earth.  The broiling surface of the sun generates its own weather, or space weather, frequently unleashing waves of plasma that bombard the Earth’s atmosphere.
A principal concern is the following: At some point in our lifetimes, the sun could unleash a dangerous surge of magnetically-charged plasma that could severely damage or destroy critically important electric power systems, satellites, spacecraft and telecommunications.
The White House, realizing that an extreme solar storm could jeopardize the nation’s vitality and security, released a strategy and multi-agency plan on Thursday to prepare for and coordinate responses to the space weather threat.
“The plan was motivated by a recognition that we need a cohesive national network to build resilience [to space weather] and to determine what we need to know,” said Bill Murtagh, assistant director for space weather at White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP).  “This is a real and present danger, this is a real threat.”
The plan’s development, co-chaired by NOAA, the Department of Homeland Security and OSTP, was the work of members from seven Cabinet-level departments as well as 13 agencies and service branches.
Murtagh said the need for the plan arose over time as government officials as well as constituents from the electric power, telecommunications and emergency management sectors became increasingly aware of the risks posed by space weather.
Most solar storms are benign and occur regularly.  They manifest themselves in magnificent display of aurora at high latitudes. But extreme events, the kind scientists fear, are rare. Our current infrastructure hasn’t been tested by this class of storm, but scientists know they are possible, based on recent activity on the sun as well as the historic record.
In 2012, NASA said the sun unleashed two massive clouds of plasma that barely missed a catastrophic encounter with Earth. “If it had hit, we would still be picking up the pieces,” physicist Daniel Baker of the University of Colorado told NASA two years after it happened.
[How a solar storm two years ago nearly caused a catastrophe on Earth]
NASA said a direct strike could’ve caused widespread power outages and other damaging effects. More troubling, it cited research which suggests that there is a 12 percent chance of something like this happening in the next decade. Read More

Time Traveler Who Spent 2 Years in The Future 2749 Tells All

Some of this information mirrors the I AM America Map and Prophecies. Interesting article - Lori
[Greenlifes] The Montauk Project was a series of secret United States government projects conducted at Camp Hero or Montauk Air Force Station on Montauk, Long Island for the purpose of developing psychological warfare techniques and exotic research including time travel. Jacques Vallée describes allegations of the Montauk Project as an outgrowth of stories about the Philadelphia Experiment.

Al describes what he remembers after he jumped off the U.S.S. Eldridge on  August 13th 1943 – Date of the Philadelphia Experiment.

·         He found himself with his brother, Duncan Cameron, in a hospital of the future for 6 weeks, recovering from radiation injuries.

·         The medical system of that future used vibrational and light treatments.

·         The TV programs were educational and news programs.

·         That’s where he noticed that earth changes caused a lot of geographical changes that began in beginning of 21st century until 2025.

·         The coastlines and interior of the U.S. and Europe were drastically different from the way they are now.

·         The water level had risen and Florida was reduced to the panhandle only. Atlanta, GA was only 3 miles from the ocean.The Mississippi became an inland waterway. The Great Lakes became one large lake.

·         The U.S. Infrastructure had collapsed. The U.S. and Canada were no longer refered to as nations.

·         A loose form of local martial law existed 2137.

·         Central government was gone.

·         The magnetic poles of the earth started to shift but in that time line an artificial pole structure was created to prevent the collapse and reversal of the magnetic poles. As a result, the poles did not flip.

·         The worldwide population was reduced to 300 million.  The U.S. population was around 50 million.

·         He claims that between 1954-2000 our government worked with the aliens acquiring technology, back and forward engineering all their technologies. Read More

Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Thinking Like a Planet

[Lorian Association] Hearing the stories of weather-based emergencies in the nightly news my thoughts and prayers go out to those communities that are impacted. Such extreme events are reported almost weekly these days. Whether we see the climatic conditions now impacting us as arising from human activity or as normal planetary cycles and fluctuations, the question becomes a planetary one. How can we establish a new balance for our flora, fauna and human communities within these extreme conditions?
In its work, Lorian offers the perspective that in order to deal with such interconnected, planetary complexities we need to operate from a larger perspective, one that includes the nonphysical intelligences of earth’s subtle ecology. We suggest the exploration of a living universe that extends spherically beyond the physical environment into subtle realms of life and consciousness.
My own introduction to a conscious, living universe came during my time in the Findhorn Foundation 45 years ago. I was introduced there to the possibility that there were natural intelligences existing and operating at levels beyond physical ecology. The proof of the theory was in the garden itself – a collaboration between different realms of life and consciousness with the challenge of growing food in Northern Scotland’s conditions. Through intuitive and meditative connections to their own sacredness and to the sacredness within nature, the gardeners made contact with the invisible intelligences of nature operating within their environment. The insights and information gained from such contact was then given practical application through organic gardening principles seated in an intentional, loving awareness. Subtle intelligences and human collaborators ‘communicated’ through intentional qualities of love and joy and developed relationships based in identity, partnership, service and cooperation. The result was a garden that by all known horticultural standards should not have existed where it did under the prevailing conditions.
The promise of collaboration across different realms of life and consciousness that emerged in Findhorn’s experiment is only the beginning of what is possible, a road sign pointing out a direction. Linking subtle levels of consciousness with practical physical manifestation is still cutting edge exploration. Further, such experiments should not be limited to a special place like Findhorn or to some clinical laboratory. We each have the possibility of adding to this field of understanding. Each of us where we are can be an explorer into an interconnected and co-creative landscape of life that transcends the boundaries of physical and non-physical being.
Our imagination for a planetary future cannot exclude any levels of the planet’s intelligence. Einstein said that problems cannot be solved with the same mindset that created them. Thinking on behalf of a planet requires we participate in an interconnected field of thought and action that humanity cannot create on its own. Our planet’s future requires the creative collaboration of many consciousnesses, human and non-human, physical and non-physical. Learn More

Monday, October 12, 2015

Are You Living Only Three of the Seven States of Consciousness?

[Huffington Post] We live our 24/7 daily cycles of life by going through the waking, dreaming, and sleeping states of consciousness--unless one has perpetual insomnia!
In our quiet moments, we often ask ourselves the question, "Is there more to life?" or "What is the purpose of my life?" In the search for more meaning, we tend to explore different activities in the waking state of consciousness. We try to meet new people. Maybe we find a new and satisfying job, get married, join a book club, start a yoga class, go to the gym, take up an instrument or new sport, or go on a trip. The list goes on and on.
The waking state of consciousness offers endless possibilities for more enjoyment, but the outside is always changing, so the pleasure or satisfaction that comes with these new additions to our life is only temporary.
The sleep state of consciousness is essential for our survival, and serves to rejuvenate our mind and physiology to meet the next day's challenges. During sleep, our body gains the rest it needs to function effectively in daily life.
The dream state, also called REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep, is also necessary to release stress and revitalize the mind; research has shown that it stimulates the regions of the brain used for learning, memory, and filing of past impressions for future use.
There is a fourth major state of consciousness that scientists have documented as being distinct from waking, dreaming, and sleeping--transcendental consciousness. In 1970, in the popular journal "Science", Dr. Robert Keith Wallace published a groundbreaking study entitled "The Physiological Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Technique".
His research showed that the experience of transcendental consciousness during Transcendental Meditation (TM) produced a profound state of rest, deeper even than sleep, as seen by greatly reduced oxygen consumption. The research also showed significant decreases in breathing and heart rate, as well as indicators of deep relaxation, normalization of blood pressure, and a state of restful alertness, as measured by EEG changes in the alpha and theta wave activity. Dr. Wallace concluded that these markedly distinct physiological changes indicate a fourth major state of consciousness.
To date, there are over 360 peer-reviewed published studies on Transcendental Meditation that verify the benefits of experiencing this fourth state of consciousness--transcendental consciousness. Research shows improvements on all levels of life--psychological, physiological, and sociological.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, who brought Transcendental Meditation to the West, has explained that transcendental consciousness serves as a bridge to three "higher" states of consciousness--cosmic consciousness, glorified cosmic consciousness, and unity consciousness. Read More

A permaculture guru shares his craft

[Press Herald] Gardeners who wants to get the most nutrition out of a piece of property might grow peas, tomatoes and corn. But they also will have to grow – and eat – some things that the average shopper at Hannaford likely has never heard of. Sometimes the problem with a plant is not growing it but figuring out how to prepare it, said Aaron Parker, a landscaper who three years ago opened Edgewood Nursery, specializing in unusual plants, including many suitable for permaculture designs.
Permaculture is a method of design that incorporates principles of natural ecosystems and can help make people and their homes as independent as possible, without using fossil fuels or goods from a great distance away. Food-producing perennial plants, which are planted once and require little care, dominate. The annual vegetables that people are often more familiar with must be planted each year, requiring soil amendments and more tending.
An example of the type of plants Parker advocates is Toona sinensis, also called Chinese toon or Chinese mahogany.
“It’s supposed to be big in Szechuan cuisine, but I don’t know Szechuan cuisine,” he said.
Parker gave me a leaf from the plant. It was substantial, fairly crisp and had a spicy and floral taste, with a hint of onions. It provides a lot of edible leaves with little care, and the wood also can be used for furniture or other projects.
The Herb Society of America said that the shoots as well as the leaves can be eaten and often is used in stir fries and egg dishes. It also is used as an ornamental and can be grown as a single-stem tree or a multi-stemmed shrub. The hardwood can be used much as the more well-known mahogany from South America is used for furniture.
Another plant Parker likes is Hablitzia, or Caucasian spinach, because it produces edible shoots right after the ground thaws, when you aren’t getting anything else in the garden. It can be used anywhere you would use spinach – in salads, pizza, quiche and other dishes.
Crambe maritima, or sea kale, is a good plant, Parker said, because you can use it in so many ways. It has a nice leaf – a more astringent flavor than the Toona – and he uses it like collards. The flower buds are edible, a lot like broccoli. The seed pods look and taste like peas, he said.
Plus, it’s pretty. The sea kale received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit as an ornamental.
While these plants are productive and unusual, Parker said his favorite food crops are fruit trees. He generally urges clients to stay away from apples in the home garden because they attract so many pests, but there are alternatives, from the fairly rare native paw paw tree to the more common peaches and plums. Read More

How to Detect an Earthquake in Less Than 14 Tweets

[PSFK] Twitter states that people send out about 500 million tweets a day. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), a government agency that tracks worldwide earthquakes, happens to sift through those half a billion tweets when tracking the geological movement of the Earth.
Through the USGs has 2,000 real time earthquake sensor units at its disposal, but most of them are U.S.-based and don’t quite cover the distance that millions of active Tweeters might. Therefore the use of Twitter data can bring earthquakes to USGS’s attention when their sensors have yet to detect an earthquake, or when their out-of-range sensors might not have detected them at all.
As a global effort, USGS reviews Tweets in several languages, monitoring for various words indicating the word for “earthquake.” The use of Twitter allows USGS a more global approach to detect earthquakes. USGS receives an email to alert them if there is Twitter activity regarding an earthquake.
In a blog post, Twitter Communication Manager Elaine Ellis stated that USGS was able to locate a 2014 earthquake in Chile in a time span of less than 14 Tweets. She also states that “USGS staffers Paul Earle, a seismologist, and Michelle Guy, a software developer, teamed up to look at how Twitter data could be used for earthquake detection and verification.” She goes on to say, "It’s also very cost effective for the USGS, because they use Twitter’s Public API and open-source software such as Kibana and ElasticSearch to help determine when earthquakes occur."
USGS found that Tweets regarding earthquakes are generally short—as one might expect given the circumstances—typically coming in at under seven words. The first wave of tweets also do not typically include forwards, links with earthquake information or the magnitude of the earthquake; these Tweets generally come after an earthquake. Most initial Tweets happen to be as simple as “Earthquake?”.
USGS uses Tweets and their own equipment to monitor an average of 50 earthquakes a day or about 200,000 a year. By looking at Twitter data, USGS is looking at speeding up their detection time. So don’t be afraid to add your Tweet to the mix, you never know when your Tweet might have a global impact. Read More

This is how rising seas will reshape the face of the United States

[Washington Post] Millions of Americans live on land destined to be reclaimed by rising sea levels, and that number rises dramatically if carbon dioxide emissions continue unchecked or if West Antarctica’s ice sheet is as unstable as recent studies suggest, according to a new report.
The striking result is that millions of Americans may already live on land destined to be someday — albeit perhaps in a very distant future — reclaimed by the sea. But the number for whom this is true will rise dramatically if carbon dioxide emissions continue unchecked — or, if recent concerns about the destabilization of the ice sheet of West Antarctica turn out to be well founded.
“Future emissions will determine which areas we can continue to occupy or may have to abandon,” note the report’s researchers, led by Benjamin Strauss of Climate Central in Princeton, N.J. The work appeared Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and was co-authored by Scott Kulp of Climate Central and Anders Levermann of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany.
The analysis, “Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level,” turns on a critical number: For every one degree Celsius of warming, the scientists estimate that we should expect 2.3 meters of long-term, eventual sea-level rise, playing out over millennia. That calculation is based on much research and represents the “state of the art,” said Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute, who was not involved in the study but has published previously with Levermann. “It is the best estimates we can make with the understanding that we have today about the processes leading to sea-level rise.”
The authors do not say how fast the sea-level rise could occur — the basic assumption is that the estimate of 2.3 meters plays out over 2,000 years, as the planet’s huge masses of ice slowly adjust to a change in its temperature. But much of the sea-level rise could happen a lot faster than that. Its precise timing is a key question for scientific inquiry right now. Read More

Sunday, October 04, 2015

Historic Rainfall Pummels the Carolinas and Floods Charleston

[Slate] As Hurricane Joaquin slowly pulls away from U.S. shores, a veritable firehose of rain is being directed at parts of South Carolina—including Charleston. The result: An ongoing flooding risk that may peak at historic levels. On Saturday, President Obama declared a state of emergency in South Carolina to speed up the flow of disaster aid to the stricken state.
As of midday, nearly 20 inches of rain had fallen in parts of South Carolina in the previous 24 hours alone, according to estimates from weather radar. That’s nearly four months of rainfall in a single day, and it exceeds the National Weather Service’s already-dire predictions.
The Charleston region appears to be among the worst-hit so far, though heavy rain is falling across much of the Southeast, from the northern Atlanta suburbs to North Carolina. More than a foot of rain has already fallen in Charleston since the downpour began on Thursday, and much more is on the way. By 8 a.m. Saturday, Charleston had already broken its daily rainfall record of 3.28 inches, set in 1994. By Saturday afternoon, it had doubled the previous record.
When combined with persistent, strong onshore winds, the heavy rain created an exceptional coastal flood in the city on Saturday afternoon—the worst in Charleston Harbor since Hurricane Hugo’s landfall in 1989. Several water rescues were reported in the historic downtown, as waves lapped over seawalls and flooded the low-lying city. Police closed traffic on all roads into and out of Charleston early Saturday in an effort to prevent vehicles from getting stranded or washed away. By Saturday afternoon, police were going door to door in the hardest-hit areas and advising residents to voluntarily evacuate, fire stations were being converted into temporary shelters, and the city was providing free sandbags. Read More

The Great Quake and the Great Drowning

[Hakai Magazine] In the year 1700, on January 26, at 9:00 at night, in what is now northern California, Earthquake was running up and down the coast. His feet were heavy and when he ran he shook the ground so much it sank down and the ocean poured in. “The earth would quake and quake again and quake again,” said the Yurok people. “And the water was flowing all over.” The people went to the top of a hill, wearing headbands of woodpecker feathers, so they could dance a jumping dance that would keep the earthquake away and return them to their normal lives. But then they looked down and saw the water covering their village and the whole coast; they knew they could never make the world right again.
That same night, farther up the coast in what is now Washington, Thunderbird and Whale had a terrible fight, making the mountains shake and uprooting the trees, said the Quileute and the Hoh people; they said the ocean rose up and covered the whole land. Farther north still, on Vancouver Island, dwarfs who lived in a mountain invited a person to dance around their drum; the person accidentally kicked the drum and got earthquake-foot, said the Nuu-chah-nulth people, and after that every step he took caused an earthquake. The land shook and the ocean flooded in, said the Huu-ay-aht people who are part of the Nuu-chah-nulth, and people didn’t even have time to wake up and get into their canoes, and “everything then drifted away, everything was lost and gone.”
Here’s what geologists say: the earthquake that almost certainly occurred on the night of January 26, 1700, ruptured North America’s Pacific Northwest coast for hundreds of kilometers, from northern California, through Oregon and Washington, to southern Vancouver Island. Along this coast, the Juan de Fuca plate was pushing under the larger North American plate, had gotten stuck—locked—but kept pushing until it released, abruptly and violently. The earthquake that resulted was probably a magnitude 9, about as big as earthquakes get. The coast dropped by as much as two meters, and a tsunami brought floods more than 300 meters inland.
Geologists now know that the Pacific Northwest has been having these earthquakes and tsunamis irregularly every 500 years or so; their oldest record in sediments goes back at least 10,000 years. The evidence is massive: subsided marshes, drowned forests, sediment layers showing enormous landslides that flowed out on the ocean floor, seismic profiles of the Juan de Fuca plate, and satellite measurements of a coast deforming from the stress of a plate that’s once again locked. In the next 50 years, the chance of another magnitude 9 earthquake there is 1 in 10. Read More